marriage and divorce

marriage and divorce
   A public opinion poll of 1981 produced in Spain a 23 percent agreement with the statement that marriage was an outdated institution, the second highest positive response rate (after France at 29 percent) in ten western European countries. The subsequent drop in marriage indices has confirmed the decline in the popularity of marriage in Spain, although whether the causes are predominantly economic (long recession accompanied by high unemployment from 1975 to 1984) or predominantly social (a shift in attitudes and a decline in the influence of the church) is unclear. The number of marriages per thousand inhabitants has dropped from 7.5 in the 1960s to an average of 5.4 in the 1980s. Although it has crept up in the 1990s to 5.7, this is still very much lower than we might expect given the high number of people reaching marriageable age as a result of the baby boom of the 1960s. It is clear that co-habitation and even single parenthood have become more acceptable, the illegitimacy rate having climbed from a low point of 1.3 percent of births in 1971 to over 9 percent of births by the end of the 1980s (still much lower than in most other western European countries). As far as the average age of contracting partners is concerned there was a significant drop in the 1970s to 24 for women and 26 for men, but it has since risen to 26 for women and 28 for men. Divorce in Spain has been possible since 1981. Far from the predicted avalanche of applications to the courts from estranged couples, the take-up rate was low at just 16,000 dissolutions during the first year after the divorce law was enacted, climbing gradually to a peak of 27,500 in 1991. This gives a divorce rate among the Spanish population of 0.5 per thousand, or roughly one in ten marriages, substantially lower than in most other western European countries. Legal separation has increased faster than divorce in the 1980s to reach 40,000 by 1992. Both divorce and separation can be obtained by mutual consent or through application by one partner with a legally justified cause. Although the latter type of application still outnumbers the former, there has been a clear tendency for joint applications to increase, and they now account for 45 percent of divorces and virtually 50 percent of separations.
   Further reading
   - Hooper, J. (1995) The New Spaniards, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 176–85 (entertaining, perceptive and mostly accurate).
   - V Informe sociológico sobre la situation social de España (1994) Madrid: Fundación FOESSA, vol. 1, pp. 173–4, 433–45 and 491–7 (the social survey of Spain par excellence and an indispensable sociological tool).

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • marriage and divorce —    In ancient Mesopotamia marriage was viewed as a bond between a man and a woman designed primarily to produce children to perpetuate society and its traditions and civic order. Marriage, along with female fertility, was therefore seen as… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Courtship, marriage, and divorce in Cambodia — Bride and groom at a Cambodian wedding Contents 1 Early years 2 Courtship …   Wikipedia

  • Marriage and Relationships — alpha earner batmobiling beanpole family bridezilla briet Brokeback marriage cougar cougar lif …   New words

  • Religion and divorce — Many countries in Europe had prohibited divorce, as it is not allowed by the Catholic Church. Sometimes citizens travelled to other jurisdictions to obtain a divorce.[citation needed] No Catholic Church will remarry divorced persons, unless they… …   Wikipedia

  • Law and divorce around the world — This article is a general overview of divorce laws around the world. Every nation except Malta,the Philippines and the Vatican City allows legal divorce. [ [ Filipinos celebrate… …   Wikipedia

  • LEVIRATE MARRIAGE AND ḤALIẒAḤ. — Definition Levirate marriage (Heb. יִבּוּם; yibbum) is the marriage between a widow whose husband died without offspring (the yevamah) and the brother of the deceased (the yavam or levir), as prescribed in Deuteronomy 25:5–6: „ If brethren dwell… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Divorce (in Civil Jurisprudence) —     Divorce (in Civil Jurisprudence)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Divorce (in Civil Jurisprudence)     Divorce is defined in jurisprudence as the dissolution or partial suspension by law of the marriage relation (Bouvier s Law Dictionary).… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • DIVORCE — (Heb. גֵּרוּשִׁין), the formal dissolution of the marriage bond. IN THE BIBLE Divorce was accepted as an established custom in ancient Israel (cf. Lev. 21:7, 14; 22:13; Num. 30:10; Deut. 22:19, 29). In keeping with the other cultures of the Near… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Same-sex marriage and procreation — is an issue that lawmakers and judges have used to determine whether or not same sex marriage is legal. One such use occurred in the 2006 Washington state Supreme Court decision, Andersen v. King County [… …   Wikipedia

  • California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists — The California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists (CAMFT) is a non profit professional organization with approximately 30,000 members dedicated to preserving the ethical standards of Marriage and Family Therapists in California. CAMFT… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”